Some Quality Properties of Silage Made with Sweet Sorghum Bagasse

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Sweet sorghum, bagasse, genotype, quality, silage


The study was conducted to reveal the forage and silage quality potential of the sweet sorghum stems which were extracted in order to obtain ethanol in the industry. The experiment was conducted with randomized blocks design with 4 replications, in Adana/Turkey during the 2nd crop production (June-October) in 2016 and 2017 years.  21 different sweet sorghum  (Sorghum bicolor var. saccharatum (L.) Mohlenbr.) cultivar/line were used as plant materials. Harvest was performed between milk and soft dough stages.After the leaves and panicle of the plant were stripped, sap-extracted plants (bagasse) were ensiled and silage quality attributes and mineral elements content were also determined. Depending of genotypes, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) concentrations, digestible dry matter (DDM) ratio, crude protein (CP) ratio, dry matter intake (DMI), and relative feed value (RFV) were ranged from 55.92 to 71.57%, from 35.54 to 49.55%, from 3.70 to 5.62%, from 50.30 to 61.22%, from 1.68 to 2.17%, and from 65.5 to 104.0, respectively. Moreover, the content of some microelements such as calcium, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus varied between 0.182-0.234%,  between 1.103-1.579%, between 0.144-0.190%, and between 0.133-0.228%, respectively. Flieg score of the silage were varied between 78.9-84.8 and its physical properties varied between 16.9-19.0. The result showed that silages made with sweet sorghum bagasse can be consider as raughage under the second crop condition of the Eastern Mediterranean condition.


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How to Cite

YÜCEL, C., YÜCEL, H., & OLUK, C. A. (2024). Some Quality Properties of Silage Made with Sweet Sorghum Bagasse. MAS Journal of Applied Sciences, 9(1), 1–12.