The Morphological Response of 127 Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp durum) Genotypes against Salt Stress at Germination Stage
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Keywords:Durum wheat, salinity, germination, coleoptile
Salinity is one of the environmental problems and has adverse effects on plants. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the effects of different salt concentrations on 127 durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp durum) genotypes at the germination stage. For this purpose, wheat seeds were germinated in Petri dishes for12 days, and 0-50-100 and 200 mM NaCl solutions were applied. Increasing salinity caused reduction of germination, coleoptile length, shoot dry matter, and root length. The results showed increasing salinity concentrations inhibited durum wheat growth at germination stage. In the highest salt concentration C9, Akçakale-2000, and Vatan genotypes were found the most tolerant; and Zenit, Çeşit-1252, and Şölen-2002 weredetermined asthe most sensitive genotypes; so according to these results. C9, Akçakale-2000, and Vatan genotypes are the cultivars to be advised for salty soils.
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