The Effect of Autumn Harvests on Viability Rate of Newly Established Giant King Grass (Pennisetum hybridum)


Abstract views: 106 / PDF downloads: 67

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8158936

Keywords:

Season closing date of cutting, giant king grass, viability rate, herbage yield

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the closing date of cutting for autumn and to investigate on the vitality rate of newly established giant king grass under the Mediterranean climate. The experiment was carried out at Ege University Faculty of Agriculture, Izmir, Turkey between 2021-2022. Eight different harvesting dates (Control-no cut, 15 October, 25 October, 5 November, 15 November, 25 November, 5 December and 15 December) were tested on the crop material at 10-day intervals in the study. The experiment was designed as a pot experiment with 8 replications. The results showed that the harvesting dates in autumn had a significant effect on the viability rate of newly planted giant king grass. Harvest on 5 December and 15 December caused the highest plant loss (37.5%). The cuttings made on these dates also reduced the herbage yield in the following season. The cutting dates approaching the winter season prolonged the recovery period of the plant in the following season.

References

Azam, F. 2002. Added nitrogen interaction in the soil-plant system–A review. Pakistan Journal of Agronomy, 1(1): 54-59.

Bakır, Ö. 1985. Çayır-Mera Amenajmanı, Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Ders Kitabı Yayın No:992, Ankara.

Browse, J.A., Haslemore, R.M., Thaine, R. 1984. Factors influencing the yield and feeding value of pasture grown for conservation, New Zealand of Experimental Agriculture, 12:7-18.

Dželetović, Ž., Andrejić, G., Simić, A., Geren, H., Aleksić, U., Brajević, S., 2022. Potential risks and problems in the cultivation of perennial energy crops. Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 26(2): 57-63.

Gençkan, M.S. 1983. Çayır-Mera Kültürü, Amenajmanı ve Islahı, Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları No:483, İzmir, 655s.

Geren, H., Kavut, Y.T., Ünlü, H.B., 2021. Sürdürülebilir dev kralotu (Pennisetum hybridum) tarımında biçim aralıklarının kuru madde verimi ve bazı yem kalite özelliklerine etkisi. Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 11(3): 2412-2422.

Gür, M., Altın, M., Gökkuş, A., 2015. Determination of grazing time with relationships between grass layer height and biomass change in natural pastures. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(33): 3310-3318.

Hazar, D., Velibeyoğlu, K., 2018. Kırsal-ekolojik müştereklerimiz: mera alanları. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi, 24(2): 193-201.

Hazar, D. Velibeyoğlu, K., 2019. Sustainable management of rural-ecological commons: recommendations on eDPSIR causal networks, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 20(1): 348-357.

Hazar Kalonya, D., 2022. İklim değişikliği azaltım ve uyum süreçlerinde mera alanlarının önemi. Çevre, Şehir ve İklim Dergisi, 1(1): 128-157.

Ishii, Y., Ito, K., Numaguchi, H. 1995. Effects of cutting date and cutting height before overwintering the spring regrowth of summer-planted Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach), Japanese Journal of Grassland Science, 40(4): 396-409.

Kacar, B., Katkat, V., 1999. Gübreler ve Gübreleme Tekniği. Uludağ Üniversitesi Güçlendirme Vakfı Yayın No: 144, Bursa.

Koç, A. 1991. Güzelyurt Köyü (Erzurum) meralarında otlatmaya başlama ve son verme zamanlarının belirlenmesi ile topraküstü bioması ve otun kimyasal kompozisyonunun yıl içerisindeki değişimi üzerine bir araştırma, Atatürk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 77s.

Ogden, P.R. 1980. Meeting the physiological requirements of a plant with grazing systems, in: Grazing Management Systems for Southwest Rangelands, A Symposium. Las Cruces: New Mexico State University, The Range Improvement Task Force, 37-49.

Özdoğan Çavdar, T., Geren, H. 2023. Sürdürülebilir enerji bitkileri tarımında bazı çok yıllık buğdaygillerin performansları, ISPEC Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(1):15-26.

Özkan, U., Sevimay, C.S., Şahin Demirbağ, N., 2015. Yonca (Medicago sativa L.)’da kış dormansisi ve ölçüm metodu, Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi, 8(1): 51-53.

Rengsirikul, K., Ishii, Y., Kangvansaichol, K., Sripichitt, P., Punsuvon, V., Vaithanomsat, P., Nakamanee, G., Tudsri, S. 2013. Biomass yield, chemical composition and potential ethanol yields of 8 cultivars of Napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) harvested 3-monthly in Central Thailand, Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 3:107-112.

Tudsri, S., Jorgensen, S.T., Riddach, P., Pookpakdi, A. 2002. Effect of cutting height and dry season closing date on yield and quality of five napier grass cultivars in Thailand, Tropical Grasslands, 36: 248–252.

Tükel, T. 1989. Çayır Mera Amenajmanı, Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Ders Kitabı No:17, s:100.

Wadi, A., Ishii, Y., Idota, S. 2004. Effects of cutting interval and cutting height on dry matter yield and overwintering ability at the established year in Pennisetum species, Plant Production Science, 7(1):88-96.

Yurtsever, N. 1984. Deneysel İstatistik Metotlar, Toprak ve Gübre Araştırma Enstitüsü Yayınları No:121, Ankara.

Published

2023-09-01

How to Cite

GEREN, H., & QULIYEVA, L. (2023). The Effect of Autumn Harvests on Viability Rate of Newly Established Giant King Grass (Pennisetum hybridum). MAS Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(3), 412–420. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8158936

Issue

Section

Articles