Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): A Current Review

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Chickpea, Cicer arietinum, breeding, agronomy, food process


Chickpeas are a rich source of dietary protein and phenolic bioactives that promote human health, and they are widely used as food and culinary ingredients in current and ethnic cuisines around the world. Due to its natural drought and heat tolerance, chickpea will become increasingly important with climate change. Chickpea is an indeterminate crop flowering over a long period of time, with leaf and branch formation continuing during pod filling. The early stages of plant inflorescence growth are just as important as the later stages of floral development. During those early phases, certain properties, such as inflorescence architecture and flower developmental timings, are defined. A variety of climatic and environmental conditions influence chickpea growth, development, and grain yield. Chickpea production gets hampered by climatic extremes such as unpredictable rainfall, very hot and low temperatures, drought. Environmental factors like as salinity and nutrient deprivation have a significant impact on global chickpea productivity. Every year, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris causes massive yield losses in chickpeas. Other effective biotic stress factors are root diseases (collar rot, and dry root rot), and foliar diseases (Ascochyta blight, Botrytis grey mold). In this review, some valuable information related to chickpea is extracted from international articles published mostly in last year and presented here.



Anwar, M.R., Luckett, D. J., Chauhan, Y.S., Ip, R.H., Maphosa, L., Simpson, M., Graham, N. 2022. Modelling the effects of cold temperature during the reproductive stage on the yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International journal of biometeorology, 66(1): 111-125.

Basu, U., Hegde, V.S., Daware, A., Jha, U. C., Parida, S.K. 2022. Transcriptome landscape of early inflorescence developmental stages identifies key flowering time regulators in chickpea. Plant Molecular Biology, 108(6): 565-583.

Boyaci Gunduz, C.P., Erten, H. 2022. Yeast biodiversity in chickpea sourdoughs and comparison of the microbiological and chemical characteristics of the spontaneous chickpea fermentations. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation.

Damte, T., Mitiku, G. 2020. Pattern of egg distribution by Adzuki bean beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.)(Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in stored chickpea under natural infestation. Journal of Stored Products Research, 88: 101683.

Damte, T., Mitiku, G. 2021. Evaluation of traditional method of stored product protection: Effect of mixing tef (Eragrostis tef) grains with stored chickpea on occurrence of Adzuki bean beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis) and its natural enemies. International Journal of Pest Management, 1-8.

Damte, T., Ojiewo, C.O. 2017. Incidence and within field dispersion pattern of pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in chickpea in Ethiopia. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 50(17-18): 868-884.

Dutta, A., Lenka, N.K., Praharaj, C.S., Hazra, K.K. 2022. Impact of Elevated CO2 on Soil–Plant Phosphorus Dynamics, Growth, and Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in an Alkaline Vertisol of Central India. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 1-11.

Eker, T., Sari, D., Sari, H., Tosun, H.S., Toker, C. 2022. A kabuli chickpea ideotype. Scientific reports, 12(1): 1-17.

Eker, T., Sari, H., Sari, D., Canci, H., Arslan, M., Aydinoglu, B., Toker, C. 2022. Advantage of Multiple Pods and Compound Leaf in Kabuli Chickpea under Heat Stress Conditions. Agronomy, 12(3): 557.

Fatima, I., Hakim, S., Imran, A., Ahmad, N., Imtiaz, M., Ali, H., Mubeen, F. 2022. Exploring biocontrol and growth-promoting potential of multifaceted PGPR isolated from natural suppressive soil against the causal agent of chickpea wilt. Microbiological Research, 127015.

Fite, T., Tefera, T. 2022. The cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) and Azuki bean beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis): major chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) production challenges on smallholder farmers in Ethiopia. The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology, 83(1): 1-12.

Frailey, D.C., Zhang, Q., Wood, D.J., Davis, T.M. 2022. Defining the mutation sites in chickpea nodulation mutants PM233 and PM405. BMC plant biology, 22(1): 1-12.

Gallego, C., Belorio, M., Guerra‐Oliveira, P., Gómez, M. 2022. Effects of adding chickpea and chestnut flours to layer cakes. International Journal of Food Science & Technology.

Getaneh, G., Tefera, T., Lemessa, F., Ahmed, S., Fite, T., Jandouwe, V. 2021. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Didymella rabiei Affecting Chickpea in Ethiopia. Journal of Fungi, 7(10): 820.

Grasso, N., Lynch, N.L., Arendt, E.K., O'Mahony, J.A. 2022. Chickpea protein ingredients: A review of composition, functionality, and applications. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 21(1): 435-452.

Irshad, S., Matloob, A., Iqbal, S., Ibrar, D., Hasnain, Z., Khan, S., Diao, Z.H. 2022. Foliar application of potassium and moringa leaf extract improves growth, physiology and productivity of kabuli chickpea grown under varying sowing regimes. Plos one, 17(2): e0263323.

Irulappan, V., Kandpal, M., Saini, K., Rai, A., Ranjan, A., Sinharoy, S., Senthil-Kumar, M. 2022. Drought stress exacerbates fungal colonization and endodermal invasion and dampens defense responses to increase dry root rot in chickpea. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, (ja).

Kaashyap, M., Ford, R., Mann, A., Varshney, R.K., Siddique, K.H., Mantri, N. 2022. Comparative Flower Transcriptome Network Analysis Reveals DEGs Involved in Chickpea Reproductive Success during Salinity. Plants, 11(3): 434.

Kahraman, G., Harsa, S., Casiraghi, M.C., Lucisano, M., Cappa, C. 2022. Impact of Raw, Roasted and Dehulled Chickpea Flours on Technological and Nutritional Characteristics of Gluten-Free Bread. Foods, 11(2): 199.

Kaur, H., Hussain, S.J., Kaur, G., Poor, P., Alamri, S., Siddiqui, M. H., Khan, M.I.R. 2022. Salicylic Acid Improves Nitrogen Fixation, Growth, Yield and Antioxidant Defence Mechanisms in Chickpea Genotypes Under Salt Stress. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 1-14.

Keneni, G., Bekele, E., Getu, E., Imtiaz, M., Dagne, K., Assefa, F. 2011. Characterization of Characterization of Ethiopian Chickpea (Ethiopian Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Germplasm Accessions for Response to Infestation by Infestation by Adzuki Bean Beetle (Adzuki Bean Beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) I. Performance Evaluation Performance Evaluation Performance Evaluation.

Khanna, A., Raj, K., Kumar, P., Wati, L. 2022. Antagonistic and growth-promoting potential of multifarious bacterial endophytes against Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 32(1): 1-9.

Klongklaew, A., Banwo, K., Soodsawaeng, P., Christopher, A., Khanongnuch, C., Sarkar, D., Shetty, K. 2022. Lactic acid bacteria based fermentation strategy to improve phenolic bioactive-linked functional qualities of select chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. NFS Journal.

Kotsiou, K., Sacharidis, D.D., Matsakidou, A., Biliaderis, C.G., Lazaridou, A. 2022. Physicochemical and functional aspects of composite wheat-roasted chickpea flours in relation to dough rheology, bread quality and staling phenomena. Food Hydrocolloids, 124: 107322.

La, H.V., Chu, H.D., Tran, C.D., Nguyen, K. H., Le, Q.T.N., Hoang, C.M., Tran, L.S.P. 2022. Insights into the gene and protein structures of the CaSWEET family members in chickpea (Cicer arietinum), and their gene expression patterns in different organs under various stress and abscisic acid treatments. Gene, 819: 146210.

Lakmes, A., Jhar, A., Penmetsa, R.V., Wei, W., Brennan, A. C., Kahriman, A. 2022. The Quantitative Genetics of Flowering Traits in Wide Crosses of Chickpea. Agriculture, 12(4): 486.

Lu, L., He, C., Liu, B., Wen, Q., Xia, S. 2022. Incorporation of chickpea flour into biscuits improves the physicochemical properties and in vitro starch digestibility. LWT, 159: 113222.

Mozumder, A.B., Chanda, K., Chorei, R., Prasad, H.K. 2022. An Evaluation of Aluminum Tolerant Pseudomonas aeruginosa A7 for In Vivo Suppression of Fusarium Wilt of Chickpea Caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris and Growth Promotion of Chickpea. Microorganisms, 10(3): 568.

Mukherjee, S., Nandi, R., Kundu, A., Bandyopadhyay, P. K., Nalia, A., Ghatak, P., Nath, R. 2022. Soil water stress and physiological responses of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) subject to tillage and irrigation management in lower Gangetic plain. Agricultural Water Management, 263: 107443.

Muleta, A., Tesfaye, K., Assefa, F., Greenlon, A., Riely, B.K., Carrasquilla-Garcia, N., Cook, D. R. 2022. Genomic diversity and distribution of Mesorhizobium nodulating chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from low pH soils of Ethiopia. Systematic and applied microbiology, 45(1): 126279.

Nitride, C., Vegarud, G.E., Comi, I., Devold, T.G., Røseth, A., Marti, A., Ferranti, P. 2022. Effect of sprouting on the proteome of chickpea flour and on its digestibility by ex vivo gastro-duodenal digestion complemented with jejunal brush border membrane enzymes. Food Research International, 154: 111012.

Palchen, K., Bredie, W.L., Dorine, D., Castillo, A.I.A., Hendrickx, M., Van Loey, A., Grauwet, T. 2022. Effect of processing and microstructural properties of chickpea-flours on in vitro digestion and appetite sensations. Food Research International, 111245.

Peake, A.S., Dreccer, M.F., Whish, J.P., Hochman, Z. 2020. Final Report to GRDC project CSP1904–005RXT: the adaptation of pulses (chickpea and lentil) across the northern grains region. CSIRO Agriculture and Food, Australia.

Pradhan, S., Mackey, H.R., Al-Ansari, T.A., McKay, G. 2022. Biochar from food waste: a sustainable amendment to reduce water stress and improve the growth of chickpea plants. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 1-14.

Richards, M.F., Maphosa, L., Preston, A.L. 2022. Impact of Sowing Time on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Biomass Accumulation and Yield. Agronomy, 12(1): 160.

Rocchetti, L., Gioia, T., Logozzo, G., Brezeanu, C., Pereira, L.G., la Rosa, L. D., Papa, R. 2022. Towards the Development, Maintenance and Standardized Phenotypic Characterization of Single‐Seed‐Descent Genetic Resources for Chickpea. Current Protocols, 2(2): e371.

Samineni, S., Mahendrakar, M.D., Hotti, A., Chand, U., Rathore, A., Gaur, P.M. 2022. Impact of heat and drought stresses on grain nutrient content in chickpea: Genome-wide marker-trait associations for protein, Fe and Zn. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 194: 104688.

Singh, V., Chauhan, Y., Dalal, R., Schmidt, S. 2021. Chickpea. In The Beans and the Peas (pp. 173-215). Woodhead Publishing.

Turner, N.C., Quealy, J., Stefanova, K., Pang, J., Colmer, T.D., Siddique, K. H. 2022. Dryland field validation of genotypic variation in salt tolerance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) determined under controlled conditions. Field Crops Research, 276: 108392.

Ullah, A., Farooq, M., Qadeer, A., Sanaullah, M. 2022. Impact of zinc and plant growth‐promoting bacteria on soil health as well as aboveground biomass of desi and kabuli chickpea under arid conditions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 102(6): 2262-2269.

Xu, T., Vo, Q.A., Barnett, S.J., Ballard, R. A., Zhu, Y., Franco, C.M. 2022. Revealing the underlying mechanisms mediated by endophytic actinobacteria to enhance the rhizobia-chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) symbiosis. Plant and Soil, 1-20.

Yadav, R., Saini, R., Adhikary, A., Kumar, S. 2022. Unravelling cross priming induced heat stress, combinatorial heat and drought stress response in contrasting chickpea varieties. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.




How to Cite

MART, D. (2022). Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): A Current Review. MAS Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(2), 372–379.