The Effect of Different Organic Regulators On Soil Moisture Constants And Hydraulic Conductivity


Abstract views: 20 / PDF downloads: 23

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52520/masjaps.v7i2id170

Keywords:

Organic regulators, moisture constants, hydraulic conductivity

Abstract

This study was carried out in Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Field Crops Department in 2018. In the experiment, organic regulators leonardite, earthworm and cattle manure were used. Organic regulators were applied to the soil in amounts of 250 kg da-1, 500 kg da-1 , 750 kg da-1  and 1000 kg da-1 . It was aimed to determine the moisture constants and hydraulic conductivity properties of soils by applying different organic regulators to sandy clay loam textured soil. Soil samples taken from the treatment plots before the application of leonardite, vermicompost and cattle manure were incubated for 6 months and then examined. According to the results, the organic matter (%), field capacity (%), hydraulic conductivity (cm h-1) and useful water (%) content of the soils increased with the increased leonardite, vermicompost and animal fertilizer applications. On the other hand, significant differences were found between soil variables (field capacity, useful water, hydraulic conductivity and organic matter) and fertilizer applications (p<0.01). When the data obtained before and after the application in soils were compared, a positive effect of leonardite, vermicompost and cattle manure applications was determined. These results were related to the amount of organic matter contained in organic regulators.

References

Akinremi, O.O., Janzen, H.H., Lemke, R.L., Larney, F.J. 2000. Response of canola, wheat and green beans to leonardite additions. Can. J. Soil Sci. 80: 437-443.

Alagöz, Z., Yılmaz, E., Öktüren, F. 2006. Organik materyal ilavesinin bazı fiziksel ve kimyasal toprak özellikleri üzerine etkileri. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(2): 245-254.

Allison, L.E., Moodie, C.D. 1965. Carbonate. In: C.A. Black et al (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Agronomy 9: 1379-1400. Am. Soc. Of Agron, Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

Ali, U., Sajid, N., Khalid, A., Riaz, L., Rabbani, M.M., Syed, J.H. Malik, R.N. 2015. A review on vermicomposting of organic wastes. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 34(4): 1050-1062

Arthur, E., Tuller, M., Moldrup, P., Jonge, L.W. 2015. Effects of biochar and manure amendments on water vapor sorption in a sandy loam soil. Geoderma, 243-244: 175-182.

Azarmi, R., Giglou, M.T., Taleshmikail, R.D. 2008. Influence of vermicompost on soil chemical and physical properties in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) field. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(14): 2397- 2401.

Bandyopadhyay, K.K., Misra, A.K., Ghosh, P.K., Hati, K.M. 2010. Effect of integrated use of farmyard manure and chemical fertilizers on soil physical properties and productivity of soybean. Soil and Tillage Research, 110(1): 115‐125.

Barzegar, A.R., Yousefi, A., Daryashenas, A. 2002. The Effect of Addition of Different Amounts and Types of Organic Materials on oil Physical Properties and Yield of wheat. Plant and Soil, 247: 295-301.

Black, CA. 1965. Methods of soil analysis. Part I, American Society of Agronomy. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 1572 p.

Candemir, F., Gülser, C. 2011. Effects of different agricultural wastes on some soil quality indexes at clay and loamy sand fields. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 42(1): 13-28.

Celik, I., Ortas, I., Kilic, S. 2004. Effects of compost, mycorrhiza, manure and fertilizer on some physical properties of a chromoxerert soil. Soil Till. Res. 78: 59–67.

Demir, M., Noyan, F.O., Oğuz, İ. 2012. Leonardit kullanımı ile birlikte azaltılmış azotlu gübre uygulamalarının bitki verim ve toprak özellikleri üzerine etkileri. SAÜ Fen Edebiyat Dergisi, (2012-1): 445-455.

Domínguez, J., Aira, M., Gómez Brandón, M. 2010. Vermicomposting: earthworms enhance the work of microbes. In: H. Insam, I. Franke-Whittle and M. Goberna, (Eds.), Microbes at Work: From Wastes to Resources (pp. 93-114). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg

Domínguez, J. 2004. State of the art and new perspectives on vermicomposting research. In: Edwards CA (ed) Earthworm ecology, 2nd edn. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 401–424

Er, H., Demir, Y., Meral, R. 2020. Farklı Özellikteki Toprak İyileştiricilerinin Hafif Bünyeli Toprakların Su Tutma Kapasitesi Üzerine Etkisi, Uluslararası Biyosistem Müh Derg 1(2): 55-65

Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L. 2005. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An Introduction to Nutrient Management. 7th Edition, Pearson Educational, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Gee, G.W., Bauder, J.W. 1986. Particle-size analysis. p. 383-411. n A. Klute (ed.) Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. 2nd ed. Agron. Monog. 9. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI.

Ghosh, S., Wilson, B.Ç., Ghoshal, S., Senapati, N., Mandal, B. 2012. Organic amendments influence soil quality and carbon sequestration in the Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Agric Ecosyst Environ 156: 134–141

Güçdemir, İ.H. 2006. Türkiye gübre ve gübreleme rehberi, güncelleştirilmiş ve genişletilmiş baskı. Toprak Gübre ve Su Kaynakları merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü. Genel yayın no:213, Teknik yayın No: T69 Ankara

Hardie, M., Clothier, B.E., Bound, S., Oliver, G., Close, D. 2013. Does biochar influence soil physical properties and soil water availability, Plant Soil, 376: 347-361

Haynes, R.J., Naidu, R. 1998. Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 51: 139-153.

Karhu, K. Mattila, T. Bergström, I. Regina, K. (2011). Biochar addition to agricultural soil increased CH4 uptake and water holding capacity: Results from a short-term pilot field study. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 140:309-313.

Kay, B.D. 1997. Soil structure and organic carbon: a review. In Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle; Lal, R., Ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, 169-197.

Korkanç, S.Y., Çimen, Ş., Aklan, F., Arabacıoğlu, R., Köprülü, H. 2017. Bazı toprak iyileştiricilerin toprakların hidro-fiziksel ve kimyasal özelliklerine etkileri. Türkiye Ormancılık Dergisi 18(2): 125-132.

Klute, A., Dirksen, C. 1986. Hydraulic Conductivity and Diffusivity: Laboratory Methods. Methods of soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and ineralogical Methods. 2nd Edition. Agronomy No:9. 687-734, 1188 p, Madison, Wisconsin USA.

Klute, A. 1986. Water retention: Laboratory methods. p. 635-662 In A. Klute (ed.) Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. 2nd ed. Agron. Monogr. No. 9. SSSA, Madison, WI

Lei, O., Zhang, R. 2013. Effects of biochars derived from different feedstocks and pyrolysis temperatures on soil physical and hydraulic properties. J. Soils Sedim. 13, 1561-1572.

Leroy, B.L.M., Herath, H.M.S.K., Sleutel, S., De Neve, S., Gabriels, D., Reheul, D., Moens, M. 2008. The quality of exogenous organic matter: short-term effects on soil physical properties and soil organic matter fractions. Soil Use Manage. 24: 139-147.

Little, K.R., Rose, M.T., Jackson, W.R. Cavagnaro, T.R. Patti, A.F 2014. Do lignite-derived organic amendments improve early-stage pasture growth and key soil biological and physicochemical properties Crop Pasture Sci. 65: 899-910.

Negiş, H., Şeker, C., Çetin, A. 2020. Toprak sıkışması ve sınırlayıcı su aralığı üzerine farklı organik materyallerin etkileri, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Dergisi 8(2): 118-127

Nelson, D.W., Sommers, L.E. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matterA.L. Page, R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis: Part II (2nd edn.), Chemical and Microbiological Properties-Agronomy Monograph No. 9, American Soc. Agronomy, Soil Sci. Soc. America, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 539-579

Özdemir, N., Gülser, C., Ekberli, İ., Kop, Ö.T. 2014. Asit toprakta düzenleyici uygulamalarının bazı toprak özellikleri ve verime etkileri. Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Dergisi 2(1): 27-32.

Özdemir, N., Gülser, C., Ekberli, İ., Özkaptan, S. 2005. Toprak Düzenleyicilerinin Asit Toprakta Strüktürel Dayanıklılığa etkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 36(2): 151-156.

Seyedbagheri, M.M., He, Z., Olk, D.C. 2012. Yields of potato and alternative crops impacted by humic product application BT. In Sustainable Potato Production: Global Case Studies; He, Z., Larkin, R., Honeycutt, W., Eds.; Springer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 131–140. ISBN 978-94-007-4104-1.

Singh, G., Jalota, S.K., Singh, Y. 2007. Manuring and residue management effects on physical properties of a soil under the ricewheat system in Punjab, India. Soil & Tillage Res. 94: 229-238.

Tahir, M.M., Khurshid, M., Khan, M.Z., Abbasi, K.M., Kazmi, M.H. 2011. Lignite-Derived Humic Acid Effect on Growth of Wheat Plants in Different Soils. Pedosphere, 21: 124-131.

Thomas, G.W. 1996. Soil pH and Acidity. D.L. Sparks (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3- Chemical Methods, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 475-490

Turgay, O.C., Erdogan, E.E., Karaca, A. 2010. Effect of humic deposit (leonardite) on degradation of semi-volatile and heavy hydrocarbons and soil quality in crude-oil-contaminated soil. Environ. Monit. Assess. 170: 45-58.

Walters, R.D., White, J.G. 2018. Biochar in situ decreased bulk density and improved soil-water relations and indicators in Southeastern US Coastal Plain Ultisols. Soil Sci. 183: 1-13.

Williams, A., Hunter, M.C., Kammerer, M., Kane, D.A., Jordan, N.R., Mortensen, D.A., Smith,

Published

2022-06-07

How to Cite

KARA, Z., SALTALI , K., ÇOKKIZGIN, A. ., GİREL, Ümit, ÇÖLKESEN, M., & YÜRÜRDURMAZ , C. . (2022). The Effect of Different Organic Regulators On Soil Moisture Constants And Hydraulic Conductivity. MAS Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(2), 348–356. https://doi.org/10.52520/masjaps.v7i2id170

Issue

Section

Articles